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January 26, 2020
Oral Health And AIDS

Maharashtra: Highest HIV Prevalence State in India

According to recent data by Health and Family Welfare Ministry, Maharashtra has the highest number of people living with HIV in India which is about 3.30 lakh, contributing 15 percent of whole immunodeficiency virus-affected people in the country which is 21.40 lakh.

Nationally, around 69.11 thousand PLHIV died of AIDS-related causes in 2017.

‘Maharashtra has the most number of people living with HIV in India

The report “HIV Estimations 2017” released on Friday compiled by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)-National Institute of Medical Statistics (NIMS) is the 14th round in the series of HIV Estimations under National AIDS Control Programme (NACP).
According to the report, Andhra Pradesh (2.70 lakh), Karnataka (2.47 lakh) and Telangana (2.04 lakh) were the other states with high prevalence of PLHIV.

In adult HIV prevalence, Mizoram has the highest in the country at 2.04 percent, followed by Manipur at 1.43 percent and Nagaland at 1.15 percent. Lowest adult HIV prevalence was in Jammu & Kashmir.

Around 22,677 HIV-positive women gave birth in 2017 and needed prophylaxis for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) with highest cases reported in Maharashtra followed by Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, West Bengal, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, and Rajasthan.

An estimated 87.58 thousand new HIV infections occurred in 2017 out of which Telangana turned out to have the highest estimated 9,324 new cases contributing to 11 percent of the total in the country.

Bihar and West Bengal were next contributing 10 percent followed by Uttar Pradesh (8%), Andhra Pradesh (7%), Maharashtra (7%), Karnataka (6%) and Gujarat (5%). Together, these eight states contributed almost two-thirds of all annual new HIV infections in India.

While new infections are declining nationally, in five states — Arunachal Pradesh (65 percent), Assam (37 percent), Mizoram (18 percent), Meghalaya (10 percent) and Uttarakhand (4 percent), new infections increased in 2017 in comparison with 2010.

Annual AIDS-related deaths among PLHIV kept on increasing until 2005 and then started to decline. Since the peak, the number of annual AIDS-related deaths have declined by almost 71 percent, the report stated.

Source: IANS

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